Correspondence The Department
of Neurosurgery at Seoul National University: Past, Present, and Future
Hyoung Woo Park; In Seok
Yeo; Joong Uhn Choi; Hyun Jib Kim; Hye Roung Park; Juha Hemesniemi; Steven
L. Giannotta; Teodoro Evans; John J. Kepes; Julius M. Goodman; J. Peter
Gruen; Michael Y Wang; Gianluigi Zona; Vincenzo Testa; Pier Filippo Sbaffi;
The Early History of Neurosurgery
To the Editor:
In a recent
article by Gusmao and de Souza (3), the legend to Figure
1 describes the individuals in the photograph shown as "Portuguese surgeon
António Egas Moniz (front row, second from left) photographed in
Sáo Paulo with Brazilian surgeons" (3), p 1337).
Egas Moniz (18741955), who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1949, was
not a surgeon; he was a neurologist. He studied neurology first in Bordeaux
with Pitres and later in Paris with severas prominent French neurologists
Fulgence Raymond, Pierre Maria, and Joseph J. Déjerine at La Salpétriére
and Joseph Babinski at La Pitié (2, 4).
Because Egas Moniz had had gout since the age of 23 years, which caused
great deformity of his hands, all of the actions requiring manual skillfor
example, in obtaining angiographic studies or the later leukotomy studieswere
performed by his assistants, the most noted of whom was his colleague Lima
(1). Egas Moniz was a neurologist, whereas Lima was a
neurosurgeon (1, 2, 4,
Egas Moniz was one of the most distinguished neurologists of the 20th century
1. Antunes JL: Pedro Almeida Lima. Surg Neurol. 11:405406, 1979.
2. Feldman RP, Goodrich JT: Psychosurgery:. Neurosurgery. 48:647659, 2001. Abstract Full-text
3. Gusmao SS, de Souza JG: The carly history of neurosurgery in Brazil. Neurosurgery. 50:13361341, 2002. Abstract Fulltext
4. Ligon BL: The mystery of angiography and the "unawarded" Nobel Prize:. Neurosurgery. 43:602611, 1998. Abstract Full-text
5. Lima A: Egas Moniz 18 74195 5. Surg Neurol. 1:247248, 1973.
6. Pool JL: The development of modem intraeranial aneurysm surgery. Neurosurgery. 1:233237, 1977. Abstract